ATSDR - Toxic Substances - Antimony
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Antimony

CAS ID #: 7440-36-0

Affected Organ Systems: Cardiovascular (Heart and Blood Vessels), Respiratory (From the Nose to the Lungs)

Cancer Effects: None

Chemical Classification: Inorganic substances

Summary: Antimony is a silvery-white metal that is found in the earth's crust. Antimony ores are mined and then mixed with other metals to form antimony alloys or combined with oxygen to form antimony oxide. Little antimony is currently mined in the United States. It is brought into this country from other countries for processing. However, there are companies in the United States that produce antimony as a by-product of smelting lead and other metals. Antimony isn't used alone because it breaks easily, but when mixed into alloys, it is used in lead storage batteries, solder, sheet and pipe metal, bearings, castings, and pewter. Antimony oxide is added to textiles and plastics to prevent them from catching fire. It is also used in paints, ceramics, and fireworks, and as enamels for plastics, metal, and glass.

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