Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins (CDDs)
CAS ID #:
Affected Organ Systems: Dermal (Skin), Developmental (effects during periods when organs are developing), Immunological (Immune System), Reproductive (Producing Children)
Cancer Effects: Known to be a Human Carcinogen
Chemical Classification: Dioxins, Furans, PCBs (contain phenyl rings of carbon atoms)
Summary: CDDs are a family of 75 chemically related compounds commonly known as chlorinated dioxins. One of these compounds is called 2,3,7,8-TCDD. It is one of the most toxic of the CDDs and is the one most studied. In the pure form, CDDs are crystals or colorless solids. CDDs enter the environment as mixtures containing a number of individual components. 2,3,7,8-TCDD is odorless and the odors of the other CDDs are not known. CDDs are not intentionally manufactured by industry except for research purposes. They (mainly 2,3,7,8-TCDD) may be formed during the chlorine bleaching process at pulp and paper mills. CDDs are also formed during chlorination by waste and drinking water treatment plants. They can occur as contaminants in the manufacture of certain organic chemicals. CDDs are released into the air in emissions from municipal solid waste and industrial incinerators.
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Toxicological and Health Professionals
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Addendum to the Toxicological Profile for Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins (CDDs) (November 2012)
The MRL is an estimate of the daily human exposure to a hazardous substance that is likely to be without appreciable risk of adverse, non-cancer health effects over a specified duration of exposure. The information in this MRL serves as a screening tool to help public health professionals decide where to look more closely to evaluate possible risk of adverse health effects from human exposure.
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- Page last reviewed: March 3, 2011
- Page last updated: March 3, 2011
- Content source: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry