ATSDR - Toxic Substances - Gasoline, Automotive
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Gasoline, Automotive

CAS ID #: 8006-61-9

Affected Organ Systems: Dermal (Skin), Neurological (Nervous System)

Cancer Effects: None

Chemical Classification: Hydrocarbons (contain hydrogen and carbon atoms), Volatile organic compounds

Summary: The gasoline discussed in this fact sheet is automotive used as a fuel for engines in cars. Gasoline is a colorless, pale brown or pink liquid, and is very flammable. Gasoline is a manufactured mixture that does not exist naturally in the environment. Gasoline is produced from petroleum in the refining process. Typically, gasoline contains more than 150 chemicals, including small amounts of benzene, toluene, xylene, and sometimes lead. How the gasoline is made determines which chemicals are present in the gasoline mixture and how much of each is present. The actual composition varies with the source of the crude petroleum, the manufacturer, and the time of year.

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    Summary about a hazardous substance taken from Chapter One of its respective ATSDR Toxicological Profile.

  • Corpus Christi

    Between 1995 and 2008, private citizens petitioned ATSDR about health concerns related to chemicals in the city's air, water, and soil. The petitions focused on

    - Chemicals released to soil from a former smelter;
    - Chemicals released to air, soil, and water from two landfills;
    - Chemicals released to air from refineries and petrochemical companies; and,
    - Whether high birth-defect rates in the Corpus Christi area were in any way related to activities at area industrial sites, or to releases from those sites.

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