ATSDR - Toxic Substances - Nitrobenzene
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Nitrobenzene

CAS ID #: 98-95-3

Affected Organ Systems: Hematological (Blood Forming)

Cancer Effects: Reasonably Anticipated to be a Human Carcinogen

Chemical Classification: Volatile organic compounds

Summary: Nitrobenzene is an industrial chemical. It is an oily yellow liquid with an almond-like odor. It dissolves only slightly in water and will evaporate to air. It is produced in large quantities for use in industry. Most of the nitrobenzene produced in the United States is used to manufacture a chemical called aniline. Nitrobenzene is also used to produce lubricating oils such as those used in motors and machinery. A small amount of nitrobenzene is used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, pesticides, and synthetic rubber.

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