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This site poses no public health hazard because there is no evidence of current or past human exposure to contaminated media, future exposures to contaminated media are not likely to occur, and there is no community-specific health outcome data to indicate that the site has had an adverse impact on human health (7).

Due to the chemical contamination at the site, the area needs to be restricted to any access with the exception of work that is required for environmental investigation and remediation. Even though trespassing has not been a problem to date, residents in the area, especially children, need to be educated about these hazards which are posed to trespassers.

Since most of the information that is known about the contaminant plume has been gained from modeling, the model needs to be validated through off-site media investigation. The consultant is currently in the process of performing this plume delineation and will be preparing a report to submit to EPD. Also, to insure that none of the off-site private wells are impacted by contamination migrating from the landfill, the wells need to be periodically sampled.

Conclusions made in this health consultations are based on data received to date. Through required monitoring of media around the landfill and future investigations which will be made for remediation purposes, new data will become available. Should any of these data suggest that people are potentially exposed to contaminants at levels associated with adverse health effects, a new evaluation will be necessary.


ATSDR's Child Health Initiative recognizes that the unique vulnerabilities of infants and children demand special emphasis in communities faced with contamination of their water, soil, air, or food. Children are at a greater risk than adults from certain kinds of exposures to hazardous substances emitted from waste sites and emergency events. They are more likely to be exposed because they play outdoors and they often bring food into contaminated areas. They are more likely to come into contact with dust, soil, and heavy vapors close to the ground. Also, they receive relatively higher doses of chemical exposure due to their lower body weights. The developing body systems of children can sustain permanent damage if toxic exposures occur during critical growth stages.

At this time, children do not appear to be exposed to contaminants released by the Smith Road MSWL. The greatest risk related to this site to children in the future would be posed to on-site trespassers. Any activity by children on the site should be strictly prohibited.


The interpretation, advice, and recommendations presented in this health consultation are based on the data and information referenced. Additional data could alter the recommendations. The conclusions and recommendations are situation specific and should not be considered applicable to any other situations. As additional data become available, GDPH will review the data and will respond to additional requests to evaluate public health issues at the site.

  • Restrict access to the site due to the chemical hazards which are posed to trespassers.
  • Educate residents in the vicinity of the site on the dangers posed to trespassers at the landfill.
  • Conduct necessary off-site media evaluation to delineate the direction and extent of plume migration.
  • Continue to monitor private wells in the area around the landfill.


  1. Laboratory Report, Private Well Sampling, Clinch County Municipal Solid Waste Landfill, Georgia Environmental Protection Division, December 29, 1993.
  2. Laboratory Report, Private Well Sampling, Clinch County Municipal Solid Waste Landfill, Moreland Altobelli Associates, Inc. April 1998.
  3. Assessment of Corrective Measures, Visual Modflow v2.50, Moreland Altobelli Associates, Inc. July 15, 1997.
  4. CERCLIS Site Inspection Report, Steve White, Georgia Environmental Protection Division. July 1998.
  5. Personal Communication, Mr. John W. Strickland, Clinch County Board of Commissioners, Homerville, Georgia. April 22, 1998.
  6. Personal Communication, Mr. Steve McManus, Geologist, Georgia Environmental Protection Division. April 17, 1998.
  7. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. 1992.


Georgia Department of Human Resources
Division of Public Health
Toxics and Health Hazards Consultation Section

    Scott Harris, Toxicologist

    Harold Emmett, Environmental Engineer

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

    Gail Godfrey, Environmental Health Scientist


This Smith Road Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Health Consultation was prepared by the Georgia Department of Human Resources under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.

Gail D. Godfrey
Technical Project Officer, SPS, RPB, DHAC

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health consultation and concurs with the findings.

Richard Gillig

Table of Contents The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341
Contact CDC: 800-232-4636 / TTY: 888-232-6348

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