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Figure 1. Torch Lake Area Brownfields


Michigan Department of Community Health

    John Filpus, Environmental Engineer

    Robin Freer, Resource Specialist

    James Bedford, Environmental Toxicologist

    Brendan Boyle, Principal Investigator

ATSDR Regional Representative

Louise Fabinski
Regional Services, Region V
Office of the Assistant Administrator

ATSDR Technical Project Officer

William Greim
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Superfund Site Assessment Branch


The Torch Lake Area Brownfields Health Consultation was prepared by the Michigan Department of Community Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the health consultation was initiated.

William Greim
Technical Project Officer, SPS, SSAB, DHAC

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this health consultation and concurs with its findings.

Richard Gillig

1. On April 1, 1996, the Michigan Department of Public Health (MDPH) Division of Health Risk Assessment (DHRA) was absorbed into the newly-formed Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH). The site history and background section of this document uses the departmental identifiers in effect at the time of the events.

2. The MDEQ Industrial and Commercial Cleanup Criteria for lead were developed using the U.S. EPA Integrated Uptake Biokinetic Model for children. No risk assessment methods are currently available to evaluate lead toxicity in adults.

3. Pica behavior is an abnormal consumption of non-food materials, such as soil, most often seen in children under 5 years of age.

4. People who consumed lead acetate in capsules evinced decreased concentrations of an enzyme involved in the production of blood after as little as 3 days exposure (9, 10).

5. PAHs found in the study areas include acenaphthene, anthracene, benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, chrysene, dibenz(a,h)anthracene, fluoranthene, indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene.

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