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Based on the available information, this site is considered to be of public health hazard because ofthe risk to human health resulting from past and present exposure to groundwater contaminatedwith various inorganic and organic compounds, including metals, volatiles, semi-volatiles, andpolychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), at concentrations that may result in an increased risk of adversehealth effects. Area residents have expressed concerns about the long-term health effects fromexposure to these compounds in groundwater, as well as a general concern about the impact ofACME operations on local groundwater quality. Numerous residential wells are located south ofthe site in the path of groundwater flow. Three of these residences currently are using whole-house carbon filtration units. In addition, four others are being monitored. Sample results fromresidences being monitored have indicated trace levels of VOCs. One violation of the MCL foreither TCE or PCE was reported. That resident was notified by the IEPA. Pending completionof the remedial actions continuing at the site, the potential for future risk to public health will needto be re-evaluated. Evaluations will be dependent upon identifying active wells within thecontaminant pathway and supplying affected or potentially affected residences with public water. As residences are connected to a public water supply, the potential for future exposure to thesecompounds will be diminished.

Members of the community around ACME are participating in ATSDR's TCE Exposure Registryand are being contacted at yearly intervals concerning their health status. When additionalinformation and data become available, such material will form the basis for further assessment byIDPH and ATSDR.

  1. Determine and eliminate or control the source(s) of contamination since these will likely be a continued source for the groundwater contamination.
  2. Monitoring of ambient air during on-site remediation activities to ensure that proper protection is afforded the on-site workers.
  3. Continued sampling of on- and off-site monitoring wells is needed in order to monitor fluctuations in contaminant levels in the groundwater.
  4. Continued sampling of area residential wells is necessary to detect any possible increases in the contaminant levels. In addition, residential wells that have the potential to become contaminated should be sampled periodically until residences are connected to the public water supply.
  5. Consider performing a more thorough investigation of the contribution and influence of Pagel'sPit on the groundwater contamination problem.

Health Activities Recommendation Panel (HARP) Recommendations

In accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act(CERCLA) of 1980, as amended, the Acme Solvent Reclaiming site has been evaluated forappropriate follow-up with respect to health activities. Area residents with known exposure tochlorinated solvents are participating in ATSDR's TCE Exposure Registry. As part of theATSDR Physician Education Cooperative Agreement, IDPH has developed and given a seminarfor health professionals and area residents regarding the potential health effects associated withexposure to contaminants found at this site and others in the area. Additional educational andinformational offerings are being developed. No other follow-up health activities are planned atthis time. If additional information suggests that exposure to significant levels of site-relatedhazardous substances is occurring or has occurred in the past, ATSDR and IDPH will re-evaluatethis site for any indicated follow-up.

Public Health Actions

The following actions either have been or will be performed to meet the needs expresses by therecommendations of this public health assessment. The Illinois Department of Public Health, incooperation with ATSDR, will:

  1. Continue to work and consult with the IEPA and the USEPA on implementation of the recommendations, and on the public health issues that may arise as any action(s) on the site occur;
  2. Inform area citizens and health professionals of the health implications associated with this site and others in the area;
  3. Provide continuing health education as new information becomes available concerning public health issues at the site;
  4. Continue to solicit the health concerns of citizens living in the site area directly or through the IEPA, the Winnebago County Health Department, and through public meetings;
  5. Evaluate the health outcome data provided by continued participation of area citizens inATSDR's TCE Exposure Registry and from other sources.



PREPARERS: Sharron E. LaFollette, Ph.D.
Ken McCann
Environmental Toxicologists
Illinois Department of Public Health
REVIEWER: Bruce C. Barrow
Environmental Toxicologist
Illinois Department of Public Health
ATSDR Regional Representative:

Louise Fabinski
Regional Operations, Region V
Office of Assistant Administrator
ATSDR Technical Project Officer:

William Greim
Environmental Health Scientist
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation


The Acme Solvent Reclaiming, Inc. Public Health Assessment was prepared by the IllinoisDepartment of Public Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for ToxicSubstances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology andprocedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.

William Greim, M.S., M.P.H
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public healthassessment, and concurs with its findings.

Robert C. Williams, P.E., DEE
Director, DHAC, ATSDR


  1. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Health Assessment Format, Guidelines and Methodology (Draft). July, 1990.
  2. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. March 1992.
  3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Record of Activity Regarding Acme Solvents Reclaiming. January 14, 1994.
  4. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profiles. 1988-94.
  5. Carter, Roger. Westinghouse. Interview during Acme site visit. October 26, 1994.
  6. E.C. Jordan Company. Acme Solvent Superfund Site, Winnebago County, Illinois. Preliminary Feasibility Study Report. November, 1984.
  7. E.C. Jordan Company. Acme Solvent Superfund Site, Winnebago County, Illinois. Preliminary Feasibility Study Technical Report. February, 1985.
  8. E.C. Jordan Company. Acme Solvent Superfund Site. Winnebago County, Illinois. Remedial Investigation. July, 1985.
  9. Ecology and Environment, Inc. Boring/Well Installation Plan for the Acme Solvent - Pagel's Pit Area Near New Milford, Illinois. May, 1982.
  10. Environmental Resources Management - North Central, Inc. Progress Report on Clean-Up Activities at the Acme Solvent Site Rockford, Illinois. September, 1986.
  11. Harding Lawson Associates. Supplemental Technical Investigation Final Report Acme Solvent Site, Winnebago, Illinois. May 29, 1990.
  12. Harding Lawson Associates. Transmittal/Memorandum to Deborah Orr (USEPA) Regarding Analytical Data-Quarterly Sampling of Residential Water-Supply Wells Near Acme Solvents Reclaiming, Inc., Site. 1991-1993 3rd Quarter.
  13. IDPH files.
  14. IEPA - Division of Land Files. Acme Solvents Reclaiming Inc.
  15. Levine-Fricke. Final Endangerment Assessment Acme Solvent Site National Priorities List Number 652 Winnebago, Illinois. June, 1990.
  16. Pregel, Steve. Harding Lawson Associates. Personal communication. October 27, 1994.
  17. Roy F. Weston, Inc. Remedial Action Master Plan. Prepared for Acme Solvent Reclaiming, Inc. Site Rockford, Illinois. December, 1982.
  18. USEPA - Facsimile to Bruce Barrow, IDPH. Prepared by Deborah Orr, USEPA Region V. January 28, 1994.
  19. USEPA - Record of Decision, Acme Solvent Reclaiming, Inc. Winnebago County, Illinois. December 1990.
  20. USEPA - Office of Drinking Water. Health Advisories. March, 1987.
  21. Winnebago County Health Department. Private Well Water Analyses, Acme Solvent, 1981.

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