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  1. The municipal groundwater serviced by Brewton Water Works is a No Apparent PublicHealth Hazard in the past and present. This finding is based on the levels ofbromodichloromethane and dibromochloromethane being below the MaximumContaminant Level (MCL), and the short duration of potential exposure to ethylenedibromide detected in the municipal wells. Brewton Water Works falls under the SafeDrinking Water Act in which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates thismunicipal water supply.
  2. The privately owned public well at Container Corporation (Jefferson Smurfit) that servicestheir employees is a No Apparent Public Health Hazard in the past and present based onthe short duration of potential exposure to ethylene dibromide detected in this well. Thispotable well falls under the Safe Drinking Water Act in which the U.S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency regulates this water supply.
  3. The municipal groundwater serviced by McCall Water System is a No Public HealthHazard in the past and present based on review of municipal groundwater monitoringdata. McCall Water System falls under the Safe Drinking Water Act in which the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency regulates this municipal water supply.
  4. The private well water quality impact from the surrounding six facilities mentioned in thisdocument is currently a No Apparent Public Health Hazard based on no currentgroundwater contamination from five of the six facilities and the on-site localization ofgroundwater contamination from TR Miller Mill.


  1. Contact ADEM if future private well drilling practices are planned in the immediatevicinity of TR Miller Mill to check TR Miller Mill's remediation status and groundwatercontaminant plume location.
  2. Continue quarterly monitoring of groundwater around the TR Miller Mill facility tomonitor contaminant migration
  3. Continue groundwater remediation at TR Miller Mill according to ADEM's site clean-upspecifications.


The actions described in this section are designed to ensure that this public health consultationidentifies public health hazards and provides a plan of action to mitigate and prevent adversehealth effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment.

Actions Completed:

  1. As part of a corrective action plan, T R Miller Mill has implemented a groundwaterrecovery pump and treat system on-site to contain and remediate contaminatedgroundwater. The Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) isregulating the groundwater remediation taking place at TR Miller Mill under a ResourceConservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Post-Closure Permit. The remediation iscurrently ongoing and will continue until TR Miller Mill meets the corrective actiongroundwater standards set by ADEM.

Actions Planned:
No further action planned.

Table 1.

Preparers and Reviewers of Report
Preparers of Report: Reviewers of Report:
Kimberly K. Chapman, MSEH
Environmental Health Scientist
Doug Gouzie, PhD, PG
Senior Environmental Health Scientist
Susan M. Moore
Senior Environmental Health Scientist
Donald Joe, PE
Section Chief

Review and Approval of Health Consultation for the Brewton Alabama Sites


Kimberly Chapman
Environmental Health Scientist, PRS, EICB, DHAC

Susan M. Moore
Senior Environmental Health Scientist, PRS, EICB, DHAC

Donald Joe
Section Chief, PRS, EICB, DHAC

Branch Chief, EICB, DHAC


  1. Letter from Petitioner to John Steward, ATSDR. November 23, 1993.
  2. Eastern Research Group, Incorporated. 1997. Report on the Timberlands Landfill Site,Brewton, Escambia County, AL. Prepared for ATSDR Contract No. 0901-12.
  3. BFI Waste Systems. 1993. Escambia Sanitary Landfill Operational Plan.
  4. BFI Waste Systems. 1992. Timberlands Landfill Water Well Survey: Alabama Disposal District Permit Application.
  5. Ground Water Services Data Services. September 1997. Statistical Analysis of GroundWater Quality Sampling Event 1997 for Timberlands Landfill Brewton, AL.
  6. Letter from Tracie Norwood of Jefferson Smurfit Corporation to Kimberly Chapman,ATSDR. Content: Overview and groundwater monitoring results. March 9, 1998.
  7. Shipman, T. of Alabama Department of Environmental Management. 1998. Personalcommunication. 1751 W.L. Dickinson Drive, Montgomery, Alabama, 36109.
  8. McMillan, R.C. and T. Schmittou. 1998. RFI Progress Report for July-September 1997Quarter, TR Miller Mill. Williams Engineering, Birmingham, Alabama 35244.
  9. Introduction to Lupus Fact Sheet. 1997. Lupus Foundation of America, Inc. Rockville, MD.
  10. Hughes, B.J. of Alabama Department of Public Health.1998. Personal communication.572 E. Patton Avenue, Montgomery, Alabama, 36111.
  11. United States Geological Survey. 1989. Geohydrology and Susceptibility of MajorAquifers to Surface Contamination in Alabama; Area 11. Water Resources InvestigationsReport 88-4107. Montgomery, AL.
  12. Cagle, J.W. and J.G. Newton. 1963. Geological Survey of Alabama: Geology andGroundwater Resources of Escambia County, Alabama. University of Alabama. Bulletin 74.
  13. Salvato, J.A. 1992. Environmental Engineering and Sanitation. 4th edition. Chapter 3:Water Supply.
  14. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Drinking water regulations and healthadvisories, Office of Water. EPA 822-B-96-002. October 1996.
  15. ATSDR. July 1992. Toxicological Profile for 1,2-dibromomethane. US Department of Health and Human Services.
  16. Pignatello, J.J. and S.Z. Cohen. 1990. Environmental Chemistry of Ethylene Dibromide inSoil and Ground Water. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.112:1-47.
  17. Kloos, H. 1996. 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) and ethylene dibromide (EDB) inwell water in the Fresno/Clovis metropolitan area, California. Archives of EnvironmentalHealth. 51(4):291-299.
  18. Alexeeff, G.V., W.W. Kilgore, and M.Y. Li. 1990. Ethylene Dibromide: Toxicology andRisk Assessment. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 112:49-122.


  1. Alabama Department of Environmental Management. 1990-1997. State Compliance Fileon Falcon Industries, Escambia County, Alabama.
  2. Bull, R.J., L.S. Birnbaum, K.P. Cantor, J.B. Rose, B.E. Butterworth, R. Pegram, and J.Tuomisto. 1995. Water Chlorination: Essential Process or Cancer Hazard? SymposiumOverview. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology. 28: 155-166.
  3. Letter from Claude (Buddy) Thomas of the City of Brewton to Kimberly Chapman ofATSDR. January 2, 1998. Content: Groundwater sampling data from 1990 to present.
  4. Letter from Pam Hambrick of McCall Water System, Inc. to Kimberly Chapman ofATSDR. December 24, 1997. Content: Groundwater sampling results 1995 to present.
  5. Maxwell, N.I., D.E. Burmaster, and D. Ozonoff. 1991. Trihalomethanes and MaximumContaminant Levels: The Significance of Inhalation and Dermal Exposures to Chloroformin Household Water. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. 14: 297-312.
  6. Smith, R.P. and C.C. Willhite. 1990. Chlorine Dioxide and Hemodialysis. RegulatoryToxicology and Pharmocology. 11: 42-62.
  7. Weisel, C.P. and W.J. Chen. 1994. Exposure to Chlorination By-Products from HotWater Uses. Risk Analysis. 14(1): 101-106.
  8. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Land Division. 1984. PotentialHazardous Waste Site Preliminary Assessment: TR Miller Mill. Atlanta, Georgia, 30333.

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