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PADOH concludes that the Breslube-Penn Superfund site (the Site) is no apparent public health hazard. Limited available data do not show that humans have been or are being exposed to levels of contamination that would be expected to cause adverse health effects.

The Site is not secured by a fence. The existing fence is open at both ends and allows easy access to the Site. However, all physical hazards have now been removed from the site.

PADOH could not find any datasets that describe the top three inches of on-site soils. Therefore, we are not able to evaluate a possible on-site soil exposure pathway scenario, especially for PCBs. PCBs were present in a large pile of contaminated soil and waste filter cake that the EPA removed from the Site in 1994. With removal of the waste, any unauthorized people entering the site are not likely to be exposed to any substantial levels of PCBs.

Previous investigators found the PCB Aroclor 1260 at a level of 13 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) in Montour Run sediments upstream from the Site in 1988. Investigators who sampled sediments in 1991 did not report finding any PCBs. More recent sediment data do not exist. We do not know the source of the PCBs.

Previous investigators found elevated levels of lead in Montour Run near the Site. The latest data are from 1991, at which time a maximum of 19 micrograms per liter (µg/L) of lead was reported. EPA's action level for lead in public drinking water supplies is 15 µg/L. Montour Run is not used as a drinking water supply. The source of lead in the stream is unknown. Groundwater data suggest the Site may be contributing lead and other metals to surface water in Montour Run.

No drinking water supplies are threatened by the Site. One private well about 1,000 feet east of the Site is used for domestic purposes.

The data and information developed in the Breslube-Penn Site Public Health Assessment have been evaluated for appropriate follow-up health actions by the ATSDR Health Activities Recommendation Panel (HARP). HARP determined that people are not currently being or have not been exposed to contaminants at the site at levels that would be expected to cause illness. Therefore, no follow-up health actions are needed at this time. ATSDR will reevaluate this site for additional follow-up public health actions if new data become available that indicate a need to do so.


Site Characterization Recommendations

  1. Sample on-site surface soils in the 0-3" zone for PCBs in the area from which the contaminated waste pile was removed to be sure that no residual levels of health concern remain. If PCBs are found at levels harmful to humans, then this area should be secured with a fence or capped to prevent human exposures.
  2. Sample Montour Run sediments for PCBs and the surface water for lead. If levels are found that are of health concern, post the area with warning signs to discourage any possible recreational use of the water.
  3. Sample the private well east of the Site at least annually to be sure contaminants do not migrate to the well.


A public health action plan (PHAP) contains a description of specific actions to be taken by ATSDR and/or other governmental agencies at and in the vicinity of NPL sites subsequent to the completion of a PHA for any given site. The purpose of the PHAP is to ensure that the PHA not only identifies public health hazards, but provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances that may be released uncontrolled from NPL sites into the environment.

The site characterization recommendations have been discussed with EPA. PADOH will remain in contact with EPA as site remediation actions continue and will provide public health input as requested.

Currently, HARP determined that no follow-up health actions are indicated at the Breslube-Penn site at this time. Additional information will be evaluated as it becomes available.


      Mark A. Lavin, B.S.
      Environmental Health Specialist
      Health Assessment Program
      Division of Environmental Health Assessment

      J.E. Godfrey, M.S., M.Ed., P.G.
      Hydrogeologist II
      Health Assessment Program
      Division of Environmental Health Assessment

      ATSDR Regional Representative:

      Charles Walters
      Senior Regional Representative
      ATSDR, Region III Office
      Office of Regional Operations

      ATSDR Technical Project Officers:

      Gail Godfrey, Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
      Steve Inserra, Division of Health Studies
      Greg Mahoney, Division of Health Education and Promotion
      Technical Project Officers


  1. NUS Corporation. Site Inspection of Breslube-Penn, Incorporated Site. September 27, 1989.
  2. NUS Corporation. Expanded Site Inspection of Breslube-Penn, Incorporated. October 15, 1991.
  3. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Resources. Consent Order and Agreement in the Matter of Breslube-Penn, Incorporated. November 2, 1987.
  4. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Federal On-Scene Coordinator's After Action Report for Breslube-Penn PCB Site. March, 1996.
  5. Personal communication with Marjorie Easton, On-Scene Coordinator, United States Environmental Protection Agency. September 14, 1995.
  6. OMB Watch and Unison Institute. Right-to-Know Network TRIS Database. May 10, 1996.
  7. Personal communication with Russ Stutzman, Aquatic Biologist, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. May 15, 1996.
  8. NUS Corporation. Letter report to EPA re: Water Supply Information. October 22, 1991.
  9. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Chromium (Update). Atlanta: ATSDR, April 1993.
  10. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Manganese (Update). Atlanta: ATSDR, July 1992.
  11. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Nickel (Update) Draft for Public Comment. Atlanta: ATSDR, August 1995.
  12. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (Update). Atlanta: ATSDR, April 1993.
  13. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Lead (Update). Atlanta: ATSDR, April 1993.


This Breslube-Penn, Inc., Public Health Assessment was prepared by the Pennsylvania Department of Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.

Gail D. Godfrey
Technical Project Officer
Superfund Site Assessment Branch (SSAB)
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this health consultation and concurs with its findings.

Richard E. Gillig

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