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Lead Toxicity
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Course: WB2832
CE Original Date: June 12, 2017
CE Expiration Date: June 12, 2019
Download Printer-Friendly version Adobe PDF file [PDF - 1.7 MB]

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Key Concepts

  • Lead poisoning is a completely preventable disease.
  • No safe blood lead level (BLL) threshold for children has been identified.
  • Blood lead levels once considered safe are now demonstrated to be hazardous.
  • Children of all races and ethnic origins are at risk of lead toxicity throughout the United States.
  • Lead may cause irreversible neurological damage as well as renal disease, cardiovascular effects, and reproductive toxicity.
  • Lead is one of the most commonly found hazards at Superfund sites.
  • This case study is focused on lead exposure in the United States; exposures globally may vary.
  • Primary prevention of lead exposure is the most important and significant strategy to protect children and adults from lead exposures.
  • Families, service providers, advocates, and public officials need to be educated on primary prevention of lead exposure in homes and other facilities occupied by children so that lead hazards are eliminated before exposure occurs.

About This and Other Case Studies in Environmental Medicine

This educational case study document is one in a series Other ATSDR of self-instructional modules designed to increase the Case Studies primary health care provider's knowledge of hazardous in substances in the environment and to promote medical Environmental practices that aid in the prevention, evaluation and care Medicine of potentially exposed patients. The complete series of ATSDR Case Studies in Environmental Medicine is located on the ATSDR Web site at URL: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/csem/csem.html. In addition, the downloadable PDF version of this educational series and other environmental medicine materials provides content in an electronic, printable format, especially for those who may lack adequate Internet service.

Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge the work of the medical writers, editors, and reviewers in producing this educational resource. Contributors to this version of the "ATSDR Case Studies in Environmental Medicine: Lead Toxicity" manuscript are listed below.

Please Note: Each content expert for this case study has indicated that there is no conflict of interest that would bias the case study content.

CDC/ATSDR Author(s):Oscar Tarragó, MD, MPH; Mary Jean Brown, ScD.

CDC/ATSDR Planners:John Doyle, MPA; Diana Cronin.

CDC/ATSDR Commenters: Kimberly Gehle, MD, MPH; Germania Pinheiro, MD, MSc, PhD; Michael Hatcher, DrPH.

Peer Reviewers: Henry Falk, MD, MPH; Dan Middleton, MD; María José Moll, MD, MSc. (PEHSU Uruguay).

How to Apply for and Receive Continuing Education Including the Assessment and Posttest

Visit https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/csem/conteduc.html for more information about continuing medical education credits, continuing nursing education credits, and other continuing education units. Access the Assessment and Posttest by selecting https://www.cdc.gov/GetCE

Accrediting Organization

Accrediting Organization CE Offered
Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME®) CME: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME®) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention designates this enduring material for a maximum of 3.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Creditsâ„¢. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity
American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), Commission on Accreditation CNE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is accredited as a provider of Continuing Nursing Education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation.
This activity provides 3.2 contact hours.
International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET) CEU: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is authorized by IACET to offer (0.3) CEU's for this program.
National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc. (NCHEC) CECH: Sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a designated provider of continuing education contact hours (CECH) in health education by the National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc. This program is designated for the Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES) and/or Master Certified Health Education Specialists (MCHES) to receive up to 3.5 total Category I continuing education contact hours. Maximum advanced level continuing education contact hours available are 3.5. CDC provider number 98614.
For Certified Public Health Professionals(CPH) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a pre-approved provider of Certified in Public Health (CPH) recertification credits and is authorized to offer 4.0 CPH recertification credits for this program.

CDC is an approved provider of CPH Recertification credits by the National Board of Public Health Examiners. Effective October 1, 2013, the National Board of Public Health Examiners (NBPHE) accepts continuing education units (CEU) for CPH recertification credits from CDC. Please select CEU as your choice for continuing education when registering for a course on TCEOnline. Learners seeking CPH should use the guidelines provided by the NBPHE for calculating recertification credits. For assistance please contact NBPHE at http://www.NBPHE.org

Disclaimer and Disclosure

Disclosure

The state of knowledge regarding the treatment of patients potentially exposed to hazardous substances in the environment is constantly evolving and is often uncertain. In developing its educational products, ATSDR has made a diligent effort to ensure the accuracy and the currency of the presented information. ATSDR, however, makes no claim that the environmental medicine and health education resources discussed in these products comprehensively address all possible situations related to various substances. The products are intended for educational use to build the knowledge of physicians and other health professionals in assessing the conditions and managing the treatment of patients potentially exposed to hazardous substances. The products are not a substitute for a health-care provider's professional judgment. Please interpret the environmental medicine and the health education resources in light of specific information regarding the patient and in conjunction with other medical authorities.

Use of trade names in ATSDR products is for identification purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Disclosure

In compliance with continuing education requirements, all presenters must disclose any financial or other associations with the manufacturers of commercial products, suppliers of commercial services, or commercial supporters as well as any use of unlabeled product(s) or product(s) under investigational use.

CDC, our planners, content experts, and their spouses/partners wish to disclose they have no financial interests or other relationships with the manufacturers of commercial products, suppliers of commercial services, or commercial supporters. Planners have reviewed content to ensure there is no bias.

Planning committee reviewed content to ensure there is no bias.

Content will not include any discussion of the unlabeled use of a product or a product under investigational use.

CDC did not accept commercial support for this continuing education activity.

To receive continuing education (CE):

Complete the activity
Complete the Evaluation at www.cdc.gov/TCEOnline
Pass the posttest at 80 % at www.cdc.gov/TCEOnline

FEES: No fees are charged for CDC’s CE activities.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine
Environmental Medicine Branch

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