Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content

Carbon Tetrachloride Toxicity
What Instructions Should Be Given to Patients Exposed to Carbon Tetrachloride?

Course: WB2888
CE Original Date: December 31, 2017
CE Expiration Date: December 31, 2019
Download Printer-Friendly version [PDF - 1.6MB]

Previous Section Next Section

Learning Objective

After completing this section, you will be able to

  • Describe instructions that can be provided to patients exposed to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4).

Introduction

Patients over-exposed to CCl4 need basic guidance on

  • Self-care, so they can minimize further risks and avoid complications to the extent possible, and
  • Potential health effects including symptoms and signs from exposure to carbon tetrachloride, so they understand when and why to return for further medical attention.

ATSDR has developed a patient education and care instruction sheet on CCl4. It can be found at https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/csem/carbon_tetrachloride/docs/Carbon_Tetra_Patient_Ed_Sheet-508.pdf

Self-care

Patients should be advised to avoid exposures or conditions that might further increase their risk for disease or worsen any existing condition.

At work

Employers are required to provide labeling, SDSs (formerly called material safety data sheets [MSDSs]), and training as part of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. Patients should be encouraged to protect themselves in the following ways.

  • Use recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, goggles, masks, respirators, and other body protection specific to the type of work they do with CCl4.
  • Refer to employer provided SDSs (formerly called MSDS) on products used at work.
  • Follow safe workplace practices, including labeling all containers for chemical(s) used at work.
  • Be attentive during employer provided training on how to safely use chemicals at work.

At home

Patients should be encouraged to take steps such as the following to protect against the effects of CCl4 exposure.

  • Check labels of imported consumer products for CCl4.
  • Use safer alternatives to products with CCl4.
  • department or poison control center for instructions and recommendations regarding respirators, gloves, and other necessary personal protective equipment.
  • Avoid alcohol if exposure occurs.
  • Discard any products that contain carbon tetrachloride at home, including products that may have been used in the past. Contact the local health department or poison center for instructions on disposal of these toxic substances.
  • Store household chemicals out of the reach of children and in their original containers.
  • Get well water tested if they live near an area contaminated with CCl4.

Clinical Follow-up

Because CCl4 is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen, according to the National Toxicology Program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [NTP 2016], periodic clinical assessments might be of value in detecting abnormalities at an early stage.

Advise patients to consult their physician if they develop any signs or symptoms of central nervous system (CNS) or other health changes, including those possibly related to the heart, liver, and kidney.

ATSDR's patient education and care instruction sheet on CCl4 poisoning can be used as a job aid for patient education and follow-up care.

Key Points

  • Patients should be advised to avoid exposures and circumstances that might further increase their risk for adverse health effects from exposure to CCl4 or worsen an existing health condition.
  • Advise patients to consult their physician if they develop any signs or symptoms of CNS or other health changes, including those possibly related to the heart, liver, and kidney.
   

Progress Check

13. Patients who have confirmed exposure to CCl4should

A. Verify the source of exposure (if possible).
B. Learn how to avoid further exposure.
C. Know when to call their doctor.
D. All of the above.

Answer:

To review relevant content, see all content in this section.

Previous Section Next Section
 
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341
Contact CDC: 800-232-4636 / TTY: 888-232-6348

A-Z Index

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #