Federal Research Action Plan (FRAP)
The Federal Research Action Plan on Recycled Tire Crumb Used on Playing Fields and Playgrounds (FRAP) is a partnership among Federal agencies, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). The FRAP aims to study key environmental human health questions to learn more about tire crumb rubber used on synthetic turf fields.
The objective of the FRAP are to
- edit iconDetermine key knowledge gaps;
- edit iconLearn what chemicals may be in tire crumb rubber infill used on synthetic turf fields;
- edit iconIdentify ways in which people may be exposed to tire crumb rubber based on their activities on the field; and
- edit iconIdentify follow-up activities that might be needed.
To meet these objectives, federal researchers and scientists will conduct
- A literature review and gaps analysis (conducted by EPA and CDC/ATSDR) which helps the agencies to understand what scientific research has already been done, and to get a better idea of what further research might be needed;
- A tire crumb rubber characterization study (conducted by EPA and CDC/ATSDR), to learn what chemicals are in the tire crumb rubber samples collected from fields across the U.S.;
- A human exposure characterization study (conducted by EPA and CDC/ATSDR) to help understand how people are exposed to chemicals in tire crumb when they are playing on the fields; and
- A tire crumb rubber in playground surfaces study (conducted by CPSC), which helps better understand playground surfaces made with tire crumb rubber and the ways children may be exposed to them.
Literature Review/Gaps Analysis: In 2016, the agencies released a status report that includes the final literature review/gaps analysis and describes the progress of the research activities to date. Access the status report.
Tire Crumb Characterization Study: In 2016, tire crumb samples were gathered from 9 tire crumb manufacturing/recycling plants and from 40 indoor and outdoor synthetic turf fields located across the United States. These samples were analyzed for a variety of chemical compounds. The results from this study are available in Part 1 of the final report.
Human Exposure Characterization Study: In 2017, EPA and CDC/ATSDR collected information and data to understand human exposure to tire crumb rubber infill used in synthetic turf fields. The results from this study will be released at a future date.
Tire Crumb Rubber in Playground Surfaces Study: CPSC conducted a survey gathering information about children’s behavior on playgrounds. Using data collected from the survey and from the EPA and CDC/ATSDR, CPSC will conduct a study to better understand children’s exposure to playground surfaces made of tire crumb rubber. Visit CPSC’s Crumb Rubber Information Center website to learn moreexternal icon.
EPA and CDC/ATSDR are reporting research findings in two parts. Part 1 shares the research objectives, methods, results, and findings for the tire crumb rubber characterization research. The Synthetic Turf Field Recycled Tire Crumb Rubber Research Under the Federal Research Action Plan, Final Report Part 1, is available to view now.
The Synthetic Turf Field Recycled Tire Crumb Rubber Research Under the Federal Research Action Plan, Final Report Part 2 will be released at a later date. It will include results aimed at characterizing potential human exposures to the chemicals found in the tire crumb rubber material used in synthetic turf fields. The results of the new biomonitoring study conducted by CDC/ATSDR will be released along with this report.