Camp Lejeune Timeline

Instructions:  To move to another entry in the timeline, click on a thumbnail image at the bottom of the timeline. To view more thumbnails, click on the arrows at the beginning and end of the set of thumbnails. View text version pdf icon[PDF – 118KB] of timeline.

marine

Camp Lejeune Timeline

ATSDR Public Health Activities at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina

chamicals

1989 – Camp Lejeune and ABC One-Hour Cleaners – Superfund Sites

The US Environmental Protection Agency lists US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune and ABC One-Hour Cleaners as Superfund sites and adds both sites to the National Priorities List.

External
PHA

1990 – ABC One-Hour Cleaners Public Health Assessment

ATSDR finds that PCE is the main contaminant of concern detected in the Tarawa Terrace drinking water system. Although contaminated wells have been removed from the Tarawa Terrace water system, on- and off-site groundwater is contaminated. Groundwater and subsurface soils remain a public health concern.

building

1997 – Camp Lejeune Public Health Assessment

ATSDR identifies a past health hazard from exposures to contaminated water in Tarawa Terrace and Hadnot Point water systems. ATSDR scientists also identify a short time frame when the Holcomb Boulevard system was contaminated. ATSDR recommends a health study to assess risk to children from maternal exposure during pregnancy.

stydy release

1998 – Reproductive Health Study

ATSDR completes its first study on health of children born from 1968-1985 whose mothers were exposed to contaminated drinking water during pregnancy. This study is published in 2001 in the American Journal of Epidemiology. In 2007, ATSDR reports an error in the exposure assessment and declares its intention to re-evaluate the results.

parent phone survey

1999-2002 – ATSDR Parent Phone Survey

ATSDR conducts a telephone survey of 12,598 parents of children born to women who were pregnant while living at Camp Lejeune from 1968-1985. Survey is designed to identify and confirm all reported cases of selected birth defects and childhood cancers in children exposed in utero to VOC-contaminated drinking water.

survey result release

2003 – Telephone Survey Results

ATSDR’s 2002 telephone survey finds 106 children with specific birth defects and some types of childhood cancer. ATSDR begins confirming cases with medical records.

water contamination area

2004-2005 – Water Contamination Reconstruction

Past Camp Lejeune water-quality sampling data are very limited. ATSDR begins historical reconstruction of Tarawa Terrace and Hadnot Point water treatment plant service areas to determine where and when certain areas at Camp Lejeune received VOC-contaminated drinking water.

panels review

2005 – Panels review health studies, water modeling

In February, ATSDR convenes an expert panel to explore the need for and feasibility of conducting additional health studies of people exposed to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune. In March, an expert panel evaluates the agency’s field data gathering activities at Camp Lejeune and water modeling approach. ATSDR technical staff considers the panel recommendations and implements them as appropriate.

birth defects

2005 – Birth Defects/Childhood Cancer Parent Interviews

ATSDR begins Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water and Specific Birth Defects and Childhood Cancers study, which evaluates groups of children with and without health effects. Telephone interviews gather information about residence, other health factors, and amount of water mothers drank during pregnancy. Study uses water modeling data to determine which mothers received contaminated water.

Community Assitance Panel

2006 – Camp Lejeune Community Assistance Panel (CAP)

ATSDR holds the first CAP meeting with community members and non-government scientific experts. The CAP will help identify feasible studies for the future and prioritize them.

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water analysis released

2007 – Tarawa Terrace Water Analysis

ATSDR’s analysis of Tarawa Terrace water treatment plant service area reveals that from November 1957 through February 1987, residents of Tarawa Terrace family housing and other facilities received PCE-contaminated drinking water above EPA’s maximum contaminant level.

studies

2007-2008 – Feasibility of Conducting Further Camp Lejeune Studies

ATSDR determines that additional studies of mortality and cancer incidence among persons living and working at Camp Lejeune are feasible and would be scientifically useful and helpful to people exposed to contaminated water.

white house

2008 – National Defense Authorization Act

In January, President George W. Bush signs the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act. This act includes a requirement that the Department of the Navy, working with ATSDR, conduct a health survey of persons possibly exposed to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune.

water mdeling

2009 – Expert panel reviews water modeling

ATSDR convenes an expert panel to assess water-modeling and data analyses for Hadnot Point-Holcomb Boulevard study area. ATSDR agrees to evaluate the applicability of simplified approaches for determining historical concentrations at water-supply wells. The panel also encourages the Department of the Navy to ensure that ATSDR has all data and documentation necessary to complete water-modeling activities.

building

2009 – Reevaluation of VOC Exposure

ATSDR discovers additional information about VOCs in finished water at Camp Lejeune. ATSDR learns that people serviced by the Holcomb Boulevard water-distribution system occasionally have been exposed to contaminated water. ATSDR also recognizes that benzene present in the water-supply wells before 1985 should be moved from the appendix to the body of its public health assessment. Consequently, ATSDR removes the 1997 Public Health Assessment from its web site.

data gathering

2010-2012 – DON/ATSDR work together to complete data gathering

From 2010-2012, the DON/ATSDR Camp Lejeune Data Mining Technical Workgroup (DON, USMC, and ATSDR) conducted nine meetings to complete data gathering for water modeling and the epidemiologic studies.

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studies

2010 – ATSDR begins mortality study

ATSDR begins a mortality study looking at all causes of death for military and civilian personnel who lived/worked at Camp Lejeune between specific dates in the 1970s and 1980s. The study seeks to determine if these deaths are linked to exposure to contaminated water at Camp Lejeune. The study includes an unexposed sample from Camp Pendleton.

hadnot pointholcomb blvd

2010 – ATSDR releases Hadnot Point-Holcomb Boulevard Chapter C Report

The report describes the occurrence of PCE, TCE, benzene, and vinyl chloride in groundwater at Navy Installation Restoration Program (CERCLA) sites. The sites are located within the Hadnot Point and Holcomb Boulevard water treatment plants service areas and vicinities at Camp Lejeune.

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survey issues

2011 – ATSDR expert panel considers health survey issues

ATSDR expert panel reviews process of confirming self-reported disease and survey evaluation bias and agrees to move forward with confirmation.

mail survey

2011 – ATSDR mails health surveys

ATSDR mails ATSDR Health Survey of Former Marine Corps Personnel and Civilians to persons who lived or worked at Camp Lejeune when drinking water was contaminated and to persons living or working at Camp Pendleton during the same time period. The survey asks about more than 20 different cancers and diseases and provides opportunity to report diseases not mentioned.

public information session

2011 – ATSDR Public Information Forum

ATSDR holds a public information forum for Camp Lejeune at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. The forum includes an update on ATSDR’s health survey and other activities, an open house, one-on-one question and answer sessions, and an update from the CAP.

release report

2012 – Geohydrologic Framework Report

ATSDR releases Hadnot Point-Holcomb Boulevard Chapter B. The report includes information and data on the layers of sediment and groundwater beneath Camp Lejeune. This information provides a foundation for understanding groundwater flow and conducting water modeling.

workgroup

2012 – ATSDR/DON Data Mining Workgroup Final Report

The Data Mining Workgroup, established in 2010, assures that ATSDR has a complete accounting of DON document locations that contain potentially relevant data and information for water modeling. The documents identified by the workgroup provide more information on how the Camp Lejeune Drinking Water Systems were operated.

RCRA areas

2012 – Contamination at RCRA Areas Report

ATSDR releases Hadnot Point-Holcomb Boulevard Chapter D. This report summarizes investigations at 64 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) study areas. The report emphasizes the occurrence and distribution of refined petroleum products such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, and chlorinated solvents of PCE and TCE within areas served by the Hadnot Point and Holcomb Boulevard water treatment plants.

DON/ATSDR work together to complete data

2012-2014 – DON/ATSDR work together to complete data gathering

From 2012-2014, the DON, USMC Camp Lejeune, and ATSDR conducted and completed data gathering for the soil vapor intrusion project.

reconstruction report

2013 – Hadnot Point-Holcomb Boulevard Reconstruction Report

ATSDR releases Hadnot Point-Holcomb Boulevard Chapter A and supplements. This report summarizes previous analyses and investigations—Chapters B, C, and D—and results of detailed water modeling analyses.

birth defects study

2013 – Birth Defects and Childhood Cancers Study

The purpose of this study was to determine if maternal exposures to the drinking water contaminants at Camp Lejeune increased the risk of neural tube defects, oral clefts, and childhood hematopoietic cancers. This study also examined whether children exposed to contaminated drinking water during the first year of life had an increased risk of childhood cancers.

marine mortality study

2014 – Mortality Study of Marine and Naval Personnel

The purpose of this study was to determine whether residential exposures of Marines and Navy personnel to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune increased risk of mortality from cancers and other chronic diseases.

civilian study

2014 – Mortality Study of Civilian Employees

The purpose of the study was to determine whether potential exposures to the drinking water contaminants at Camp Lejeune are associated with increased risk of death from specific cancers and other chronic diseases among those who were employed at the base.

adverse birth outcomes study

2014 – Adverse Birth Outcomes Study

ATSDR publishes study to determine if maternal exposures to contaminants in drinking water at Camp Lejeune were associated with preterm birth and fetal growth retardation. This study is a reanalysis of a previous study, which incorrectly categorized as “unexposed” some maternal exposures before June 1972 based on information available at the time.

Male Breast Cancer Study

2015 – Male Breast Cancer Study

The purpose of this study was to determine if Marines who were exposed to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune were more likely to have male breast cancer.

Cancer Incidence Study

2016 – Cancer Incidence Study

ATSDR begins the Cancer Incidence Study. The purpose of the study is to determine whether residential or workplace exposures to the drinking water contaminants at Camp Lejeune are associated with increased risks of specific cancers in Marines/Navy personnel and civilian employees.

drinking water

2016 – Camp Lejeune Drinking Water Public Health Assessment (Public Comment Version)

ATSDR released preliminary findings from the revised public health assessment (PHA) of the health effects of exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in the drinking water at U.S. Marine Corp Base Camp Lejeune in North Carolina for public comment on May 3, 2016. The public was invited to review the PHA online and submit comments before July 5, 2016.

drinking water

2017 – Camp Lejeune Drinking Water Public Health Assessment (Final Version)

ATSDR released on January 20, 2017 the final public health assessment (PHA) of the health effects of exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in the drinking water at U.S. Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in North Carolina.

Page last reviewed: November 17, 2015