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8.0 References

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Barltrop, 1966. The Prevalence of Pica. Donald Barltrop. American Journal of Diseases and Childhood, 112:116-123. August, 1966.

Calabarese and Stanek, 1993. Soil-pica: Not a Rare Event. Edward J. Calabrese and Edward J. Stanek. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, A28(2):373-384. 1993.

Calabrese and Stanek, 1998. Soil Ingestion Estimation in Children and Adults: A Dominant Influence in Site-Specific Risk Assessment. Edward J. Calabrese and Edward J. Stanek III. Environmental Law Reporter, 28 ELR 10660-10671. November, 1998.

Calabrese et al., 1997. Soil Ingestion: A Concern for Acute Toxicity in Children. Edward J. Calabrese, Edward J. Stanek, Robert C. James, and Stephen M. Roberts. Environmental Health Perspectives, 105(12):1354-1358. December, 1997.

Danford, 1982. Pica and Nutrition. Darla Erhard Danford. Annual Review of Nutrition, 2:303-322. 1982.

Reid, 1992. Cultural and Medical Perspectives on Geophagia. Russell M. Reid. Medical Anthropology, 13:337-351. 1992.

Robischon, 1971. Pica Practice and Other Hand-Mouth Behavior and Children's Developmental Level. Paulette Robischon. Nursing Research, 20(1):4-16. January-February, 1971.

Shellshear et al., 1975. Environmental Lead Exposure in Christchurch Children: Soil Lead, a Potential Hazard. ID Shellshear, LD Jordan, DJ Hogan, and FT Shannon. New Zealand Medical Journal, 81:382-386. 1975.

Smullan, Motiwala, and Sigman, 1995. Pica in a Rural Obstetric Population. John C. Smullan, Shabbir Motiwala, and Robert K. Sigman. Southern Medical Journal, 88(12):1236-1240. December, 1995.

Stanek et al., 1998. Prevalence of Soil Mouthing/Ingestion among Healthy Children Aged 1 to 6. Edward J. Stanek III, Edward J. Calabrese, Kenneth Mundt, Penelope Pekow, and Karin B. Yeatts. Journal of Soil Contamination, 7(2):227-242. 1998.

Environmental Protection Agency, 1997. Exposure Factors Handbook. Chapter 4: Soil Ingestion and Pica. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Center for Environmental Assessment. EPA/600/P-95/002Fa. August, 1997.

Vermeer and Frate, 1979. Geophagia in rural Mississippi: environmental and cultural contexts and nutritional implications. Donald E. Vermeer and Dennis A. Frate. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 32:2129-2135. October, 1979.

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