Edited by Richard C. Hula, Laura A. Reese and Cynthia Jackson-Elmoore. Chapter 12,From Blighted Brownfields to Healthy and Sustainable Communities: Tracking Performance and Measuring Outcomeswas written by ATSDR’s National Brownfields Coordinator Laurel Berman and Christopher A. DeSousa, Terri Linder, and David Misky, all of whom were partners on acommunity health and brownfields project in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The chapter examines issues and efforts aimed at linking brownfields redevelopment to public health and sustainability via benchmarking and indicator reporting.
Leading Change for Healthy Communities and Successful Land Reuse is a series of case studies or “success stories” showing redevelopment to achieve a variety of health-related goals: recreation/greenspace; quality, affordable housing; access to health care, community policing, and other services; education; revitalization of tribal lands; and new jobs and economic development to benefit the community. Each case study tells a story of how community health was successfully integrated into brownfields redevelopment and land reuse, highlighting key elements such as leadership, financing and other resources tapped, stakeholder involvement, actions taken, measures of success, and lessons learned.
An Indicator Framework to Measure Effects of Brownfields Redevelopment on Public Health (Jul/Aug 2013)
Reprinted with permission from the Journal of Environmental Health, December 2012, (Volume 75, Number 5, pp 30-34), a publication of the National Environmental Health Association.
Brownfields and land reuse sites are formerly used industrial, commercial, and residential properties stigmatized by real or perceived contamination. The effects of blight and potential contamination associated with these sites can weigh heavily on communities. Communities with multiple brownfields tend to have multiple public health issues. This article describes the ATSDR Brownfields/ Land Revitalization Action Model, a resource designed to integrate public health in redevelopment by creating community-driven health status indicators.
ATSDR Brownfields/Land-Reuse Site Tool (Dec 2010) [PDF, 12.99 MB]
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Brownfields/ Land-Reuse Site Tool (“ATSDR Site Tool”) was developed to meet the needs of local health departments’ request for a tool with rapid site inventory capabilities, including site history, proposed use, contaminants, and future use. This tool was the result of a local public health department survey and includes a robust set of features such as a site inventory, site visit, citizen concerns call log, multiple chemical dose calculator, and document repository. This tool enhances what is available and it is free, cost-effective, and helps protects public health. This article is published in the December 2012 issue of the Journal of Environmental Health.
Environmental Practice, Volume 11, Issue 03, September 2009. Community health monitoring can improve public health in brownfields communities. Examples of health monitoring activities include asthma or blood lead level screening, reviewing health statistics, environmental testing, and evaluation of community-specific health concerns. While health monitoring is encouraged as an activity within US EPA Brownfields funding, the number of communities that implement health monitoring programs is low. To encourage more communities to implement health monitoring activities, with or without Brownfields funding, this paper describes several projects by health agencies and communities that represent best practice examples.
The Baraboo Brownfields/Land Revitalization Action Model incorporated health monitoring goals and was used to focus on community issues and associated health outcomes that can be tracked over time to indicate changes in community health status. This report documents the results of the current community health conditions in the Baraboo Ringling Riverfront Redevelopment project area through 33 different baseline measurement indicators. The City of Baraboo intends to create a 'living' document from this report so that community members can have access to project outcomes at all times through print versions provided to the local library and a report to be maintained on the City's Web site. Both ATSDR and the City of Baraboo hope this report will also serve as a model for other communities undergoing revitalization.
Building Healthy Communities: A Baseline Characterization of Milwaukee’s 30th Street Corridor (Jul 2008) [PDF, 506 KB]
This report documents current conditions in the 30th Street Corridor in 2008 through a series of baseline measures. The information in this report assisted the Corridor Development Community to make redevelopment decisions and may be revisited in future years to quantify the different ways that redevelopment activities might have contributed to changes in the health and quality of life among 30th Street Corridor residents. ATSDR and our Milwaukee partners hope this report will serve as a model for other communities undergoing redevelopment.