Mixtures of Insecticides: Pyrethroids, Organophosphorus Compounds, and Carbamates

Final Interaction Profile - August 2023


  • Pyrethroid insecticides n/a
  • Organophosphorus insecticides n/a
  • Carbamate insecticides n/a

Complete Profile [PDF – 2 MB]

  • The table of contents and list of individual PDF files are given below.

Preface [PDF – 312 KB]

  • Summary
  • Contributors
  • Peer review
  • Contents
  • List of figures
  • List of tables
  • List of acronyms, abbreviations, and symbols

Introduction [PDF – 253 KB]

Interaction Data for the Mixture [PDF – 436 KB]

  • 2.1 Mixture of Concern
  • 2.2 Component Mixtures
  • 2.3 Relevance of the Joint Toxic Action Data and Approaches to Public Health

Recommendation for Exposure-Based Assessment of Joint Toxic Action of the Mixture, [PDF – 286 KB]

Conclusions [PDF – 187 KB]

List of References [PDF – 176 KB]

Appendices [PDF – 682 KB]

  • A. Background Information for Pyrethroids
  • B. Background Information for Organophosphorus Insecticides
  • C. Background Information for Carbamates
  • D. Chemical Structures of Mixture Components
  • E. Mixtures of Insecticides at Hazardous Waste Sites

Top of Page


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 2023. Interaction Profile for Mixtures of Insecticides: Pyrethroids, Organophosphorus Compounds, and Carbamates. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.


All ATSDR Interaction Profile PDF files are electronic conversions other electronic text files. This conversion may have resulted in character translation or format errors.

Top of Page