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Evaluation Options Based on Available Resources

Historical Document

This document is provided by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) ONLY as an historical reference for the public health community. It is no longer being maintained and the data it contains may no longer be current and/or accurate.


(NCI 1992)

Note: The following chart uses an additive matrix from left to right (i.e., each ascending program level could be expected to include the evaluation technique described at lower levels in addition to those described at the higher level).

Program Levels
Types of Evaluation Minimal Resources Modest Resources Substantial Resources
FormativeReadability testCentral location, Intercept interviewsFocus groups, Individual indepth interviews
ProcessRecordkeeping (e.g., monitoring activity timetables)Program checklist (e.g., review of adherence to programs plans)Management audit (e.g., external management review of activities)
OutcomeActivity assessments (e.g., numbers of health screenings and outcomes or program attendance and audience response)Progress in attaining objectives monitored (e.g., periodic calculation of percentage of aware, referred, participating)Assessment of target audience for knowledge gain (e.g., pretest and posttest of change in knowledge)
ImpactPrint media review (e.g., monitoring of content of articles appearing in newspapers)Public surveys (e.g., telephone surveys of self-reported behavior)Studies of public behavior/health change (e.g., data on physician visits or changes in public's health status)

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